There are many competing theories on foreign policy. Libertarians in general tend to push for some form of non-interventionist, anti-war, and/or localist foreign policy. Being libertarian does not in any way mean that we ignore the rest of the world. It simply means that we want to have peaceful, rather than coercive, relations with this world.

I. Competing theories on foreign policy

A. Realism (see full article )

Realism is a form of theory in foreign policy; most if not all theories of international relations (IR) are rooted in realism. While ideal-type realism is not necessarily the prominent international relations (IR) theory, most ideologies rely on some loose understanding of the general mechanisms of realism. Perhaps the form of IR most opposed to realism is idealism because, as the name suggests, realism is rooted in the reality of relations among states.

II. US Foreign Policy

A. US Foreign Policy in the Middle East (see full article )

Libertarians generally see US foreign policy in the Middle East as a combination of misguided ambitions and massive misconceptions about the peoples and cultures of the region. See the full article for details.

B. US Foreign Policy in Pakistan (see full article )

Since the attacks of September 11th, 2001, the U.S. has renewed its relationship with Pakistan, working closely with the country to root out perceived national security threats. However, while a Pew study suggests that the majority of Pakistanis agree with the U.S. on issues like the viability of a Pakistani democracy and the need to quell suicide attacks, Pakistani support for its renewed American relationship has been low ( Understanding the causes of these discontinuities in interest and conflicts in views demonstrates that America needs to act skeptically, think innovatively, remember the costs of policies and deflate its policy, and, all the while, avoid international abandonment